05 Feb 2013 The Giraffe
The world’s tallest mammal is one of the animals that can be viewed while on a game drive at Camp Jabulani. A giraffe’s legs alone are about 1.8 metres, taller than many humans. These long legs allow giraffes to run as fast as 56 kilometers an hour over short distances, and cruise comfortably at 16 kilometers an hour over longer distances. Here are more facts on this remarkable animal:
- Giraffes have two hair-covered horns called ossicones.
- Like a human fingerprint, each giraffe’s coat is unique.
- Giraffes are collectively known as a ‘journey’, ‘tower’, ‘corps’ or ‘herd’ of giraffes.
- Giraffes are herbivores – they eat leaves, buds and branches from mimosa and acacia trees.
- Their height helps them to reach food well above where other animals are able to reach.
- Giraffes eat more than 34 kilograms of food each day.
- Because they get just a few leaves in every bite, they spend most of their day eating.
- Giraffes have a tongue that is 46 centimetres long and can reach around the thorns. Their thick, sticky saliva coats any thorns they might swallow.
- The dark blue-gray color of a giraffe’s tongue helps protect it from sunburn while the giraffe is reaching for tree leaves.